Physical therapy is a health service aspect related to functional rehabilitation. The goal is to handle disability, injury and disturbance by improving movement through physical improvement. Physical therapy focuses on engineering design to maximize the function, movement and quality of life of patients with various health conditions.
In physical therapy, a person’s ability to perform a movement is assessed, and a real purpose is established and agreed upon. The process involves encouraging and training patients to maximize movement skills to function as much as possible. Patients, nurses, and therapists are all involved in the practice of physical therapy. This is commonly done by occupational therapists to work with physical therapists in helping patients
The peculiarities of physical therapy include a range of physical exercise sequences designed specifically to match the patient’s abilities and goals. Manual therapy, including active and passive movements. Health and fitness education programs are also recommended in the practice of physical therapy. In addition, physical therapy also improves health and an active lifestyle.
Physical therapy has a wide scope of knowledge and practice. There are several areas of specialist physical therapist. Recovery with pulmonary and cardiac physical therapy can improve breathing, endurance and postoperative and postoperative function in patients with heart-lung surgery. Meanwhile, the neurologist-physician-nerve is directed to the recovery of lost muscle strength and retrain activity in daily life as well as the ambulation / movement of patients with neurological disorders such as stroke, cerebral palsy and Parkinson’s disease.
Physical therapy for various skin conditions, such as burns and prolonged / chronic wounds, aims to reduce form and joint stiffness and improve good wound healing. Bone-muscle physical therapy carries out bone-muscle diseases, such as sprains or spinal cord injuries and so on. It can also help patients recover faster after muscle-muscle surgery, such as hip replacement surgery and amputation. Almost similar, physical therapy from sports medicine, focuses on athletes’ health and sports teams, in handling injuries including sprains, ligament tears and broken bones. Physical therapy is also important in palliative care, helping patients minimize dependence on caregivers, and improve their quality of life.
In addition to all of the above, there are also physical therapists in children, focusing on improving basic motor skills, coordination and fusion of thinking in children as with physical therapists in the elderly, focusing on relieving pain and maximizing function in adult conditions such as arthritis And Alzheimer’s disease. Other physical therapy specializations include electrophysiology and women’s health.
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Physical therapy manages a wide range of patients, with extensive disease and injury coverage. Patients of all ages, both very young to very old, can go to physical therapy. Injury, genetics, aging and disease can affect the occurrence of health conditions that limit a person’s ability to perform daily activities. Physical therapy can help you restore strength, flexibility, balance and endurance.
The program created is personal, depending on the specific needs of the patient. Management plans almost always include joint exercise and strengthening exercises. Manual therapy can also be included to relax and relieve pain. Manual therapy involves massage, which can relieve pain and increase movement and movement, which in slow motion relaxes the muscles and improves flexibility, and movement, where pressure and force are applied to the body to strengthen it. Physical therapy can also involve other methods of treatment, such as cold stimulation, heat and electricity with low voltage. In certain cases, patients can also be taught how to use auxiliary equipment such as crutches, wheelchairs, support tools and fake / artificial body parts, aiming to improve movement. Finally, education is an obligation. Patients and their families are taught for physical exercise and adjustment techniques that can be practiced at home to prevent further injury.
There are several conditions or situations where physical therapy plays an important role in managing one’s health and well-being. Physical therapy is useful for managing long-standing (chronic) abnormalities so you can manage life better with the condition. Physical therapy is also important in the process of recovery and rehabilitation of patients, especially those previously healthy and suddenly exposed to accidents. Physical therapists may recommend ways to do certain activities to reduce pain, increase strength and minimize risk. Physical therapy is also an important aspect for the rehabilitation of patients with diseases affecting many organ systems. The rehabilitation team, comprised of various healthcare professionals including, nurses, physical therapists, speech therapists, occupational therapists and psychiatrists, among others, can create programs to help patients with diseases that damage many organs, such as stroke and heart disease. In addition, physical therapy is also a key factor in the growth and advancement of children with special needs, especially for children who experience delay in their growth stages, such as children with cerebral palsy and other genetic disorders. Physical therapy for children combines therapy with the game, supporting not only physical factors, but also mental and mental health. Physical therapy is usually also available in special schools for this child. You can undergo physical therapy as a single therapy, or use it together with other types of treatment, as is common in surgery. Physical therapy can be done under various conditions. In addition to hospitals, physical therapy can also be done in outpatient clinics, home care, rehabilitation facilities for gym and gym, and even at school or workplace. Make sure you are looking for a physical therapist or certified physical therapy trainer to get maximum benefit from this therapy.