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ChatGPT passes the nutrition test, but experts remain irreplaceable

In a recent study published in the journal Nutrients, researchers evaluated the potential of chat generative pretrained transformer (ChatGPT) to provide nutritional guidance.

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the foremost cause of mortality, accounting for 74% of deaths globally. The 2019 global burden of diseases study estimated there were 43.8 million cases of type 2 diabetes (T2D), 1.2 billion cases of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and 18.5 million cases of hypertension. Obesity prevalence has almost tripled between 1975 and 2016.

Various studies have consistently underscored the impact of lifestyle and dietary factors on NCD onset and progression. Of late, internet searches for information on health-related queries have been increasing. ChatGPT is a widely used chatbot that generates responses to textual queries. It can comprehend the context and provide coherent responses.

ChatGPT has emerged as an accessible and efficient resource for medical advice seekers. Chatbots can deliver real-time, interactive, personalized patient education and support, helping improve patient outcomes. Nevertheless, data on the utility of ChatGPT to improve nutrition among NCD patients have been limited.

Study: Is ChatGPT an Effective Tool for Providing Dietary Advice?Study: Is ChatGPT an Effective Tool for Providing Dietary Advice?

The study and findings

In the present study, researchers compared the nutritional advice provided by ChatGPT with recommendations from international guidelines in the context of NCDs. Analyses were performed using the default ChatGPT model (version 3.5). The team included medical conditions requiring specific nutritional treatments, such as arterial hypertension, T2D, dyslipidemia, obesity, NAFLD, sarcopenia, and chronic kidney disease (CKD).

A set of prompts for these conditions, formulated by doctors and dieticians, was used to obtain dietary advice from the chatbot. Separate chat sessions were conducted for each prompt conversation. ChatGPT’s responses were compared with recommendations from international clinical guidelines. Two dieticians independently assessed and categorized ChatGPT’s responses. Responses were deemed “appropriate” if they aligned with the

AI chatbots fall short when giving cancer treatment recommendations: ‘Remain cautious’

OpenAI’s ChatGPT has become a popular go-to for quick responses to questions of all types — but a new study in JAMA Oncology suggests that the artificial intelligence chatbot might have some serious shortcomings when it comes to doling out medical advice for cancer treatment.

Researchers from Mass General Brigham, Sloan Kettering and Boston Children’s Hospital put ChatGPT to the test by compiling 104 different prompts and asking the chatbot for recommendations on cancer treatments.

Next, they had a team of four board-certified oncologists review and score the responses using five criteria. 

Overall, ChatGPT scored an underwhelming 61.9%.

WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE?

Although language learning models (LLMs) have successfully passed the U.S. Medical Licensing Examination, the chatbot underperformed when it came to providing accurate cancer treatment recommendations that align with National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines.

In many cases, the responses were unclear or mixed inaccurate and accurate information. 

Doctor using AI

A new study in JAMA Oncology suggests that the artificial intelligence chatbot might have some serious shortcomings when it comes to doling out medical advice for cancer treatment. (iStock)

Nearly 13% of the responses were “hallucinated,” which means they might have sounded factual, but were completely inaccurate or unrelated to the prompt, according to the researchers’ findings.

“This is a significant concern, as it could lead to misinformation and potentially harmful patient decisions,” said Dr. Harvey Castro, an emergency medicine physician and AI expert in Coppell, Texas.

NEW AI TECH AIMS TO DETECT THE ORIGIN OF CANCERS FOR OPTIMAL TREATMENTS: ‘AN IMPORTANT STEP’

Castro was not involved in the study but commented on the findings.

“For example, a patient with advanced lung cancer may receive a recommendation for a treatment not recognized by the NCCN guidelines, which could lead to delays in receiving appropriate care.”

Danielle Bitterman, study co-author

Guest column: Wait times remain thorn in Canada’s health-care system

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By Jerry Agar

Here is the good news about the Canadian health-care system:

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As I write this, I will soon after voluntarily allow a team of trained professionals to knock me unconscious and cut me open.

They will stick pieces of metal and some other substance into my right knee in what I anticipate will ultimately bring an end to the constant pain I feel from my knee, which is operating at the moment bone-on-bone.

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The cartilage that is supposed to cushion my movements is gone. It hurts a lot. All the time.

At my pre-operative meeting with an anesthesiologist, he commented that I didn’t seem nervous. There would be no shame in being nervous over someone cutting you open and changing the interior of your body, but I am quite happy to have it done.

I trust the doctors, nurses and others as world-class health-care providers.

Anecdotally, everyone I have spoken to who has had the operation says they wish they had done it sooner and are happy with the results. They pass on advice that I need to suck it up, deal with some pain and do the required physiotherapy.

Statistically, reports I read on follow-up research say that, depending on the report, 80 to 90 per cent of people report satisfaction with the results.

Some people who are not completely happy may have had unrealistic expectations of such things as returning to their teenage glory on the ski slopes. I will be happy if I can walk to and from the grocery store with no pain.

I have spent considerable time on these pages and elsewhere complaining about the Canadian health-care system. The bad news is that, compared to other nations with some form of socialized medicine, we suffer from long

Vacation gatherings: Physicians offer you suggestions to remain safe

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Canada’s top health care provider is sharing her tips for protecting the overall health of oneself and cherished ones in the very first vacation time mainly free of charge of COVID-19 limits.

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Speaking to CTV’s Your Morning on Monday, Chief Community Wellness Officer of Canada Dr. Theresa Tam urged Canadians to maintain up-to-date with their COVID-19 and flu vaccinations and to keep property if unwell.

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“Nicely, of training course we’ve been accumulating quite a little bit given that the drop and we’re heading into the holiday period, exactly where persons would want to get alongside one another additional for the reason that it is the very first holiday season where by there’s been no unique limitations on motion or call,” Tam stated.

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“So with that in brain, we can guard ourselves as we head into conference with family and buddies.”

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Tam instructed carrying significant-quality masks, guaranteeing there is correct air flow indoors, hand washing and employing COVID-19 swift checks as other methods to support avert the spread of viruses in the course of vacation gatherings.

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She also pressured that everyone pregnant is at larger risk of developing critical outcomes from the flu and COVID-19, and would reward from vaccinations.

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According to details launched by the General public Wellness Company of Canada, extra than 700 kids were hospitalized by the end of November with H3N2, a pressure of the flu that generally can take a toll on more mature grown ups. Prior pandemic limits have lessened the sum of flu-associated hospitalizations, but the severity of current scenarios has involved medical groups.

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The most up-to-date federal FluWatch report shows the share of checks favourable for influenza, though nevertheless a bit previously mentioned pre-pandemic concentrations, fell throughout the 7 days of Dec. 4-10.

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