Tag: Nutrition

ChatGPT passes the nutrition test, but experts remain irreplaceable

In a recent study published in the journal Nutrients, researchers evaluated the potential of chat generative pretrained transformer (ChatGPT) to provide nutritional guidance.

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the foremost cause of mortality, accounting for 74% of deaths globally. The 2019 global burden of diseases study estimated there were 43.8 million cases of type 2 diabetes (T2D), 1.2 billion cases of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and 18.5 million cases of hypertension. Obesity prevalence has almost tripled between 1975 and 2016.

Various studies have consistently underscored the impact of lifestyle and dietary factors on NCD onset and progression. Of late, internet searches for information on health-related queries have been increasing. ChatGPT is a widely used chatbot that generates responses to textual queries. It can comprehend the context and provide coherent responses.

ChatGPT has emerged as an accessible and efficient resource for medical advice seekers. Chatbots can deliver real-time, interactive, personalized patient education and support, helping improve patient outcomes. Nevertheless, data on the utility of ChatGPT to improve nutrition among NCD patients have been limited.

Study: Is ChatGPT an Effective Tool for Providing Dietary Advice?Study: Is ChatGPT an Effective Tool for Providing Dietary Advice?

The study and findings

In the present study, researchers compared the nutritional advice provided by ChatGPT with recommendations from international guidelines in the context of NCDs. Analyses were performed using the default ChatGPT model (version 3.5). The team included medical conditions requiring specific nutritional treatments, such as arterial hypertension, T2D, dyslipidemia, obesity, NAFLD, sarcopenia, and chronic kidney disease (CKD).

A set of prompts for these conditions, formulated by doctors and dieticians, was used to obtain dietary advice from the chatbot. Separate chat sessions were conducted for each prompt conversation. ChatGPT’s responses were compared with recommendations from international clinical guidelines. Two dieticians independently assessed and categorized ChatGPT’s responses. Responses were deemed “appropriate” if they aligned with the

10 Nutrition Tips for a Healthy New Year

As a health reporter who’s been following nutrition news for decades, I’ve seen a lot of trends that made a splash — and then sank. Remember olestra, the Paleo diet and celery juice?

Watch enough food fads come and go, and you realize that the most valuable nutrition guidance is built on decades of research, in which scientists have looked at a question from multiple perspectives and arrived at something like a consensus.

Here are 10 science-backed pearls to carry you into the new year.

Decades of research support the Mediterranean diet — which is centered on fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, olive oil, nuts, herbs and spices — as one of the healthiest ways you can eat. Its heart-health benefits are numerous, and it has been linked to a lower risk of Type 2 diabetes, cognitive decline and certain types of cancer.

If you’re interested in adopting the Mediterranean diet but aren’t sure where to start, stay tuned. Starting Jan. 15, we’ll be sharing a week of practical guidance and recipes for Mediterranean-style eating in the Well newsletter, which you can sign up for here.

Some people may experience heartburn, but there’s no evidence that drinking coffee on an empty stomach can damage your gastric lining or otherwise harm your digestive system, experts say. And there are reasons to feel good about your morning brew: Drinking coffee has been linked to a longer life and a lower risk of heart disease and Type 2 diabetes.

Mornings can be hectic, and it may be tempting to grab a quick muffin or skip breakfast altogether. But nutrition experts say it’s worth prioritizing

Nutrition, sleep and mental health advice offered to tech founders at risk of burnout

When Etsy paid $1.6bn to buy Depop in 2021, it was more than just a big payday for the London-based fashion app’s founder, Simon Beckerman.

It also marked the culmination of a decade of stress, sleep deprivation and, at times, physical pain, he recalls. As the nine-month sale process reached its conclusion, “I went through a week where randomly during the day, every couple of hours I would start crying,” Beckerman says.

“I think it was relief — we went through this black hole and made it [out] the other side.”

That “black hole” included stepping back from the company for a year in 2015, after intensifying stomach pain eventually became too agonising for him to work.

“It was so painful, one day I woke up and I said, ‘If I go into the office for one more day I am going to die’,” Beckerman adds. He was later diagnosed with chronic gastritis that he attributes to the stress of running a start-up.

Most successful tech entrepreneurs would acknowledge the long hours spent away from their families. Some might brag about how little sleep they got during crunch times. Few would talk as frankly as Beckerman about the strains of the job, even as a global start-up funding crunch has increased their stress levels.

But in the past couple of years some have begun to open up about their mental health. Former Monzo chief Tom Blomfield admitted to stress, anxiety and sleep loss when he left the neobank in 2021, attacking the “myth of the superhero founder”.

Some tech investors are now realising that putting entrepreneurs under too much pressure can be bad for business, as well as the founders themselves. Many executives admit that sleeping and eating poorly, as well as neglecting physical exercise, can lead to poor decision

27 Health and Nutrition Tips That Are Actually Evidence-Based

If you want to boost your health and wellbeing, there are plenty of natural and home remedies to choose from, ranging from avoiding charred meats and added sugars to practicing meditation.

When it comes to knowing what’s healthy, even qualified experts often seem to hold opposing opinions. This can make it difficult to figure out what you should actually be doing to optimize your health.

Yet, despite all the disagreements, a number of wellness tips are well supported by research.

Here are 27 health and nutrition tips that are based on scientific evidence.

Sugary drinks like sodas, fruit juices, and sweetened teas are the primary source of added sugar in the American diet (1).

Unfortunately, findings from several studies point to sugar-sweetened beverages increasing risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes, even in people who are not carrying excess body fat (2).

Sugar-sweetened beverages are also uniquely harmful for children, as they can contribute not only to obesity in children but also to conditions that usually do not develop until adulthood, like type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (3, 4, 5).

Healthier alternatives include:

  • water
  • unsweetened teas
  • sparkling water
  • coffee

Some people avoid nuts because they are high in fat. However, nuts and seeds are incredibly nutritious. They are packed with protein, fiber, and a variety of vitamins and minerals (6, 7).

Nuts may help you lose weight and reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and heart disease (8).

Additionally, one large observational study noted that a low intake of nuts and seeds was potentially linked to an increased risk of death from heart disease, stroke, or type 2 diabetes (9).

Ultra-processed foods (UPFs) are foods containing

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